Hazor

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Hazor (Tell el-Qedah some 8 km SW of Lake Huleh) was the most important city in Galilee (Josh 11:10; Jud 4:2). On a height overlooking the main route south through the hills.

Solomon fortified Hazor (together with Jerusalem, Megiddo, Gezer) as a northern defense, these fortifications were carried out by corvée labor (1 Kings 9:15). Towards the end of the Northern Kingdom, Hazor's inhabitants were taken to Assyria by Tiglath Pileser (2 Kings 15:29).

The Execration Texts (19th C bce), mention Hazor as a potential threat to imperial interests. The Mari archives (and other 2nd millennium Mesopotamian texts) indicate Hazor's importance also. Pharaohs Tuthmosis III, Amenhotep II and Seti I (15th and 14th C bce claimed control of Hazor, but the Amarna letters (14th C) call its ruler a "king". These texts and the excavations confirm the significance of the location.

J. Garstang carried out some excavations in 1928 and from 1955–58 and 1968–72 major work was carried out by Yigael Yadin. Areas of both the Bronze Age "Lower City" (a huge 180 acres) and of the (mainly Iron Age) "Upper City" (30 acres) were examined. The images of the site shown here are all of the upper city, though Bronze Age artifacts from the Hazor Museum are also shown.

 


©Tim Bulkeley, 2002-4, Tim Bulkeley. All rights reserved.
(These images are licenced under a Creative Commons licence, so as ling as you attribute them - that is mention my name and the URL: Tim Bulkeley http://eBibleTools.com - you may use them freely for non-commercial purposes. Though I'd appreciate an email telling me how you have used them.)

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Unless marked otherwise Bible quotations are from the New Revised Standard Version © 1989 by the Division of Christian Education of the National Council of Churches of Christ in the United States of America.